Prices can range from $10 to $15 per pound. environ. This produces a safe. The bioactivity of lavandula species against insects in India proved that the majority of the plants studied showed activity against insect pests (Sharma et al., 1992). Others report that plants may be harvested up to 30 years. Find the perfect commercial lavender production stock photo. In all my experience as a commercial gardener I haven’t seen lavender spread in this way, so it is not something you should worry about in your garden. One of my most favorite successes as a lavender farmer last year was the propagation of 500 lavender starts to plant in our new field. Tissue cultured plantlets could therefore be a good source of disease-free plantlets for regeneration purposes (Chambdon, 1992). L. stoechas, Spanish lavender, is a woody shrub growing to four feet tall with linear to oblong, lance shaped leaves about 3/4 inch diameter with 3/8 inch, dark purple flowers. Her Ph.D. research was focused on black cohosh. Lavender requires well-drained light, sandy, or sandy loam, or gravelly soils in full sun. Written by Joe-Ann McCoy, Ph.D. 1999. Lavender-blue flowered cultivars include Backhouse Purple, Bowles Early, Compacta, Folgate, Graves, Gray Lady, Gwendolyn Anley, Irene Doyle, and Maillette. There are many cultivars of English Lavender including the white dwarf Nana Alba, also pink varieties designated Rosea, Jean Davis, and Lodden Pink, which may be the same cultivar. Hidcote (L. angustifolia), Munstead (L. angustifolia), and Superblue (L. angustifolia) are also well-known varieties and often good choices for North Carolina. Few plants can match the all-around versatility of lavender. (Optional) Based in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, we reach millions of Propagation and Culture of Lavenders as practiced by Tomas J. DeBaggio owner of T. DeBaggio Herbs in Arlington, VA. Extension Publication, Alternative Agriculture, Virginia State University. Uses for Lavender Lavender has a lot of uses around the home including potpourri, cut flowers, dried sachets, soap, scented satchels and pillows, essential oils, and even in the kitchen. Rasteniev dni-Nauki. June 1998. www.attra.org/pub.html. Walker, J. You can also grow lavender … Yale Medical Library. The best yields of essential oil were observed following application of ammonium chloride (N source) at 44 lb/ acre (El-Sherbany et al. CUTTINGS. In bioactivity studies in India, lavendula species have been proven to show potent activity against insect pests (Sharma et al., 1992). Any dead leaves or stems should be snipped off throughout the growing season. Another cultivar, L. Lady, was the 1994 winner of the All-American Selection. Lavender oil is soluble in all proportions of alcohol. Ideal Soil For Lavender Farm. Bioactivity of Lamiaceae plants against insects. Unpublished Material. “Mercury owns the herb and it carries his effects very potently.” (Culpeper, 1652), Uses: Aromatic, carminative, antispasmodic, expectorant, stimulant, cosmetic, culinary, decorative, medicinal, antibacterial, and antiseptic. Describe of a variety of lavender species and cultivars. Read on to learn more. Leaves are 1 1/4 inch long; linear-oblong with rounded teeth at margins, grayish in color and covered with soft fuzz. Lavender propagation by Lavender cuttings is easy to do if you have a large Lavender already growing in your garden. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! All three adapt well to container growing but are not widely cultivated in the U.S. L. canariensis, native to the Canary Islands, has feathery foliage with dark-blue flower spikes with a turpentine scent. The highest percentage of rooting was obtained from 8-10 cm long, 1-year-old cuttings in open beds in October-November (Boyadzhieva et al., 1977). To propagate by layering, select a long, healthy flexible stem and remove 4-6 inches of foliage, leaving 3-4 inches of foliage at the tip of the branch. Lavandin is a sterile hybrid and must be vegetatively propagated. Tissue culture protocols are generally cost prohibitive to small-scale growers because of the specialized sterile laboratory equipment required. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Woody herbs propagate by layering naturally when trailing branches grow close to the soil surface and send down roots, which create new plantlets. You can also take summer cuttings of many other plants, including rosemary, roses and penstemons. This powerful and potent herb has been utilized throughout antiquity and is still retained as a common household ingredient today. Prepare the site by mixing compost or peat moss with the top four inches of soil and preparing a raised bed. Sometimes when pruning Lavender there are suitable sized pieces remaining to … The Bootstrap Guide to Medicinal Herbs in the Garden, Field and Marketplace. Rooting hormone helps prevent the tip from rotting and encourages quick, strong root development, but lavender roots well without it. Lavender essential oil. One of the easiest ways to propagate lavender is by taking cuttings - and the best time to take cuttings is after flowering. Propagating lavender from cuttings is also fairly easy to do and you can use the same method for other plants like … Propagation of lavender from cuttings is easy and more likely to be successful than growing the plants from seeds. Climate is a critical factor in growing the lavender plant. Closer to home Thomas DeBaggio successfully propagates lavender from stem tip cuttings. 1992. Herbal Bounty. However, only 3 species are popular for commercial lavender farming. [Ed.] A collection of lavenders. A defoliating moth larva has been reported in Australia. It is widely cultivated for nursery production and also grown commercially as a source of essential oil. Adam, K. Lavender as an alternative crop. It is generally treated as an annual and grown as an ornamental. This plant is a 2-3 foot shrub with fragrant, lilac-colored spikes blooming in midsummer. Its unique attributes include that it germinates quickly (14-28 days; 78% germination), it comes true from seed, and blooms the first year (south- 3 months; north- 5-6 months). L. multifida, (fern-leaf lavender), L. pinnata, and L. canariensis are characterized by their lacy, finely divided fern-like leaves with solitary spikes in threes (trident-form). It was also believed that a sprinkle of lavender water on the head of a loved one would keep the wearer chaste. No need to register, buy now! In a 1992 study on the micropropagation of Lavenders and Lavandins, a tissue culture protocol was established for the mass propagation of disease free plantlets from commercial hybrid stock plants. pp. The Best Time to Take Lavender Cuttings. The commercial cultivation of Lavender on large scale can fetch crores of rupees. This article was written by Joe-Ann when she was a Ph.D. candidate working with Dr. Jeanine Davis at N.C. State University and Dr. Dwight Camper at Clemson University. Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA). There are also various questions to address when choosing a variety, such as whether the plant is being chosen for essential oil production, cut flower production, or dried ornamental use. If seed… Lavender Propagation Propagation by cuttings results in uniform plants, and is the most common commercial method. All you’ll need is an established lavender plant, time, and patience. English lavender (L. angustifolia) cultivars are best for dried flower purposes because the flowers persist on the stems when dry, whereas Lavandin cultivars are easily separated from the stem and are better suited for essential oil and potpourri purposes. Hussein, M., El-Saeid, E., El-Sherbeny, S. 1996. In a study in Europe (Boyadzhieva et al., 1977), optimal rooting was achieved with 8-10 cm long cuttings from 1-year-old plantings set in open beds in October and November. 1991). It requires good drainage and prefers a warm, well-drained loam with a slope to the south or southwest. In this session we explore the following concepts: x Environmental requirements for propagation 1.1 Introduction Propagation Plant propagation refers to the multiplication of plant material of a specific cultivar, variety, breeding line or strain that possesses desirable The most common disease problem with lavender is wilt. In the book “A Modern Herbal” published in 1931, Mrs. M. Grieve suggests taking cuttings from young wood in fall or spring by pulling a healthy branch downward so that a piece of the older wood (heel) is retained. Mechanical cultivation and use of mulch are the primary methods of control. Linalol is a terpene alcohol that is non-toxic to humans, yet naturally antimicrobial. When young, leaves are white with dense stellate hairs on both surfaces with strongly revolute margins. In mid-April, DeBaggio prunes field-grown established plants heavily by removing 1/3 to 1/2 of the stem length all over the plant. Softwood cuttings from lavender root in two to four weeks, and hardwood cuttings take a little longer. It was determined that the giberellic treatments, with or without pre-freezing, significantly increased the percentage of germination and accelerated overall germination rates (Aoyama, 1996). 165. p.235. Scientia-Agricola. Preliminary testing was performed on lavender field crops to test a prototype machine designed to control weeds by flaming. The best type of cutting to use depends on the type of lavender and the time of year. Plants should be thinned to 24-36 inches apart with rows 30 to 36 inches apart. Extension Specialist, Herbs / Organics / Specialty Crops / Vegetables / Hemp. In China, Lavender is used in a cure-all medicinal oil called White Flower Oil. Lavender can produce well with an annual rainfall range of 300 to 1400 mm per year. 210-11. A typical plant after harvest Lavender was a favorite ingredient in herbal baths of both Greeks and Romans. This species is grown for its rosemary-scented flowers and for potpourri production. For commercial production it is strongly recommended to set up trial areas of approximately 200 plants each with selected cultivars to determine quality and yields before planting on a large scale. Of these the principal is linalyl acetate and the second in linalyl butyrate. The Herb Companion. 12(2):173-181. Sturdivant, L. and Blakley, T. 1999. A collection of lavenders, Part 2. The Greek naturalist, Dioscorides, praised the medicinal attributes of Lavender in the first century A.D. Lavender propagation through cutting involves taking a cutting of a stem and planting it as a seedling. An Austrian study provided evidence of sedative effects of the essential oil of lavender after inhalation. Updated by J.M. Dr. Tucker reports a 95-100% success rate with this method. www.med.yale.edu/library/historical/culpeper/culpeper.htm. Apr./May:10-15. This is the simplest method of propagation, although the least efficient in terms of time and number of regenerants per plant. Choose non-flowered shoots of this year’s growth and ensure that they’re free from pests and disease. Fill a small pot with commercial starting medium or a homemade mix of half vermiculite or perlite and half peat moss, with a little bark added to facilitate drainage. Major commercial growing areas are located in France, England, New Zealand and Australia. Lavender oil contains up to 40% linalyl acetate and 30% linalol. The spikes are composed of whorls or rings of flowers, each composed of six to ten flowers; the lower whorls becoming more distant from each other. Lavender can grow in abundance under the right conditions, and taking cuttings can be an ideal way to spread more lavender around your garden. San Juan Naturals, WA. Create a hedge of this sweet smelling, pollinator loved plant on a budget. The flowers themselves are very shortly stalked, three to five together in the axils of rhomboidal, brown, thin, dry bracts. Lavandins produce large, long stemmed flowers which are slightly gray in color while English lavender (Lavendula angustifolia) varieties produce shorter-stemmed flowers with a blue color when dried. Another method of spacing is to plant 18 inches apart each way for the first year of growth, then to remove every other plant in the second year resulting in 36 inch spacing which produces optimal flower and essential oil yields. Allow the soil to dry well between irrigations and do not over-irrigate. Chambdon, C., Poupet, A., Beck, D., Bettachini, B., Touche, J. It is characterized by large gray leaves with flowers ranging from lavender-blue to deep purple. It is grown primarily for its essential oil and is rare in the U.S. In addition, because most lavender varieties are clones, vegetative propagation (cuttings, layerings, and division of roots) is highly recommended to retain desirable traits. Lavender (Lavandula) is fragrant, drought tolerant and showy in the garden. It is characterized by its irregularly shaped, toothed leaves and unusual gray-green foliage. The Business of Herbs. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. (1996) found that polyploidy could be induced in L. angusitfolia cultivars to obtain new productive varieties. XIV(6):27-29. In a study from the Egyptian Journal of Horticulture, optimal yields of aerial parts of lavender were observed following fertilization with urea at 88 lb./ acre. Rodale’s Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs. 426:561-572. Regardless of the type of cutting, you should always cut healthy, straight, vigorous stems for rooting. Hardwood is thicker than softwood and resists bending. Softwood cuttings are plentiful in spring, and you can gather more of them without destroying the parent plant. L. angustifolia, L. x intermedia, L. latifolia, and L. stoeches all contain the antioxidant rosmarinic acid (Foster, 1993). Gibbs Smith Publisher, Utah. Agronomie (Paris). Currently, the majority of lavender products are utilized for essential oil production and for their aromatic properties. Fusarium solani – wilt English lavender varieties are better suited for dried flower production than Lavandin varieties. Removed plants are divided into approximately 3 plants each and replanted in new rows. McGimpsey, J. Spanish lavenders tolerate more acid soils than other lavenders but are not hardy and need to be treated as annuals and are generally grown as ornamentals. According to Tucker and Hensen (1985) lavenders can be distinguished by their bracts; those of L. angustifolia are ovate-rhombic in outline, with a length/width ratio of 0.83 to 2.20 with bracteoles absent or up to 2.5 mm long. According to Tom DeBaggio, it self sows so prolifically that it can be treated as an annual. L. angustifolia oil contains linalyl acetate (up to 40%), linalool (~25%), geraniol and its esters.
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