Answer By Toppr. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. Ginger. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. However, since eggplants can be particularly susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, they are sometimes grown with slightly less susceptible plants, such as chili pepper, as a sacrificial trap crop. Mint (Mentha spp.) [57], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[58]. Although the nutrient value of eggplant isn’t as impressive as other vegetables, there are some unique phytochemicals (naturally occurring plant chemicals) in eggplant. Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=990957593, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Potato. It has minimal levels of sodium (7mg in one whole eggplant). Plantation of seeds for growing brinjal in pots: Brinjal plants will need a temperature of minimum 13°C or more, which will be tough to provide in the outdoor location at the time of spring. For the average adult, 400 mg of solanine would be life-threatening. Brinjal is usually transplanted rather than direct seeded in the field as it provides the best means of establishing a uniform and complete stand of plants. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Through the colonial expansion of Portugal, the Portuguese form bringella was borrowed into a variety of other languages: Thus although Indian English brinjal ultimately originates in languages of the Indian Subcontinent, it actually came into Indian English via Portuguese. The aforementioned watermelon rind. Attested Greek forms include ματιζάνιον (matizanion, eleventh-century), μελιντζάνα (melintzana, fourteenth-century), and μελιντζάνιον (melintzanion, seventeenth-century). The term guinea in the name originally denoted the fact that the fruits were associated with West Africa. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. It remains in scientific use. [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. [62] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. Parmigiana di melanzane, eggplant parmesan. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[5][6][7] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. If you find too many seeds in an eggplant, it’s time to fine-tune your eggplant harvesting practices. Celery. Answer. [23] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. Add them to casseroles, soups, salads and other dishes for some added protein. Raw leaves eaten fresh may even be slightly poisonous in some cases. I hope you’ll make room for these wonderful fruits this growing season. Most of these veggies, except for tomatoes, are usually cooked before eating, and eggplant is not the exception. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[22] a term first attested in 1811. S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. The eggplant was sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species. Brinjal seed oil is extracted through cold pressing of its seeds. Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. Answer this question. It may also be roasted in its skin until charred, so the pulp can be removed and blended with other ingredients, such as lemon, tahini, and garlic, as in the Arab baba ghanoush and the similar Greek melitzanosalata. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Eggplant prefers hot weather, and when grown in cold climates or in areas with low humidity, the plants languish or fail to set and produce mature fruit. and see text. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Egg plant is also known as brinjal and brinjal is a vegetable so egg plant is veg. Vegetable Common Edible Parts Other Edible Parts Beans, snap pod with seeds leaves Beans, lima seeds pods, leaves Beets root leaves Broccoli flower leaves, flower stem Carrot root leaves In al-Andalus, the Arabic word (al-)bāḏinjān was borrowed into the Romance languages in forms beginning with b- or, with the definite article included, alb-: The Spanish word alberengena was then borrowed into French, giving aubergine (along with French dialectal forms like albergine, albergaine, albergame, and belingèle). First recorded in 1763, the word "eggplant" was originally applied to white cultivars, which look very much like hen's eggs (see image). Parsley roots. Raw eggplant is 92% water, 6% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and has negligible fat (table). Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. Eggplant can be steamed, stir-fried, pan fried, deep fried, barbecued, roasted, stewed, curried, or pickled. and Solanum melongena var. Sprouts. Fruit Types And Edible Parts Agriculture Exams Study Material Agronomy Horticulture Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Breeding Genetics Current Affairs [8] In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants. Quite often, cooking is necessary to make the parts edible. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish). The edible part of brinjal is pericarp and placenta. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[38] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato and potato. [25] Bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. [17] In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.[18]. The plant species is believed to have originated in India, where it continues to grow wild,[9] or in Africa. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. we eat roots like carrot, we eat stems like potato, we eat leaves like cabbage etc. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. And while mostly enjoyed for its edible fruit, it also has a history of medicinal use. [10] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. Eggplant prefers well-drained soil rich in organic matter; add aged compost to each planting hole. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically thin-skinned.[37]. In Iranian cuisine, it is blended with whey as kashk e bademjan, tomatoes as mirza ghassemi, or made into stew as khoresht-e-bademjan. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fba10eb4e13ef55 Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. Translated into English as 'mad-apple', 'rage-apple', or 'raging apple', this name for eggplants is attested from 1578 and the form 'mad-apple' may still be found in Southern American English. Many of the pests and diseases that afflict other solanaceous plants, such as tomato, capsicum, and potato, are also troublesome to eggplants. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.[53]. Tweet. This earlier answer is for eating the best parts that I know of. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. Plants can look just as good as they taste. Nopales. Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco. From Greek, the word was borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and onwards into French. The aubergine is unrecorded in England until the 16th century. Persian bādingān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān (or, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān). Flower stem (not just the florets) of broccoli and cauliflower heads. Eggplant is a low crab vegetable and it rates low on the glycemic index chart. [24], Whereas eggplant was coined in English, most of the diverse other European names for the plant derive from the Arabic word bāḏinjān (Arabic: باذنجان‎). It can be baked, stewed or added to soups, curries etc[183]. [13] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish.[14]. These include okra, radishes, kohlrabi, beets and turnips. An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S. Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. [40][41], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). Rhubarb. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. For example Central Park in New York is home to over 100 edible plant species, while one in every five plants in the Sonoran desert can be eaten. It’s also a great source of fiber, potassium and iron, but the leaves and stems are another story. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. It is a good source of vitamin C and potassium[201]. [44] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture.
2020 edible parts of brinjal plant