New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston; 1937. The self, he contended, is an identifiable organization within each individual and accounts for the unity of personality, higher motives, and continuity of personal memories. During his childhood, his father used the family home to house and treat patients. Harvard University; Department of Psychology. Review of General Psychology.2002;6(2):139-152. doi:10.1037//1089-2680.6.2.139. Allport held what theories in concerned with historical facts rather than functional facts Freud's pleasure principle and the drive-reduction hypothesis of stimulus-response psychology. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Emily is a fact checker, editor, and writer who has expertise in psychology content.Â. Appleton-Century-Crofts;1967:1-25. doi:10.1037/11579-001. He was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of personality. We never fully achieve them.” ― … Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology. Full name : Gordon Allport How old is Gordon Allport: 70 years Male 🎂 Birthday: November 11, 1897 🔯 Sun sign: Scorpio 🌍 Nationality: Indiana, United States Gordon Allport Education: harvard university, glenville high school; Gordon Allport siblings: Floyd Henry Allport #Youtube: Gordon Allport Youtube #Twitter: Gordon Allport Twitter The Nature of Prejudice by Gordon W. Allport (1954) Foreword to the 1st Chinese Edition Gordon Allport’s The Nature of Prejudice is without peer. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Other articles where Becoming is discussed: Gordon Allport: In Becoming (1955) he stressed the importance of self and the uniqueness of adult personality. Allport came from a working family that valued health and education. Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Research on Predjudice and Discrimination Gordon Willard Allport spent nearly his entire academic career at Harvard, completing both his bachelor’s degree and his PhD at the university, and serving as a faculty member from 1930 – 1967. During his childhood, Allport and his siblings were immersed in the medical profession and often acted as clinical assistants to their father. As one of the founding figures of personality psychology, his lasting influence is still felt today. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... psychologists Gordon W. Allport and Leo Postman offered the generalization that rumour intensity is high when both the interest in an event and its ambiguity are great. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gordon-W-Allport, How Stuff Works - Health - Gordon W. Allport, “Personality: A Psychological Interpretation”. Allport GW. By 1930, he returned to Harvard, where he would remain for the rest of his academic career. Allport viewed the experience as an attempt by Freud to turn a simple observation into an analysis of Allport's supposed unconscious memory of his own childhood. Although Allport recognized the emotional, social, economic, and historic dimensions of prejudice, he also proposed that prejudice is partly an outgrowth of normal human functioning. Gordon Allport contributed a significant theory of prejudice and discrimination, discussed in his book, The Nature of Prejudice (Allport). A History of Psychology in Autobiography. Allport called this concept functional autonomy. He talks about prejudice as a hostile attitude, based on stereotyping, and blindness to the facts. No contribution in the 65 years since has come close to achieving its impact. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Gordon Allport's Impact on Psychology of the Personality, Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. After earning his bachelor's degree in philosophy and economics from Harvard in 1919, Allport traveled to Istanbul, Turkey, to teach philosophy and economics. After compiling a list of 4,504 ​different traits, he organized them into three different trait categories, including: Allport died on October 9, 1967. As a child he felt different from others, both in his childhood play and his interests. Gordon Allport was one of the pioneer trait theorists who attempted to list the traits that make an individual’s personality. The less than adequate hospital facilities in Cleveland required that Allport’s father allow doctors, nurses, and patients to reside in the home with the family. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Allport, GW. Gordon Allport was born in Indiana, the youngest of four boys. He was the 1st psychologist who gave thorough thought to the concept of traits. The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century. Do You Know Any Little Known of Famous Psychologists? New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston; 1961. A… Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The self, he contended, is an identifiable organization within each individual and accounts for the unity of personality, higher motives, and continuity of personal memories. And it also criticizes the Freud's theory To the Behaviorism Radical and all theories of personality that are based on the observation of animal behavior. And each one of t… He went on to define personality as “the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to the environment.” Let us look at this …