A 2019 study found that houseplants such as spineless yuccas can help reduce the levels of harmful microbes in the air. You can also propagate a Yucca elephantipes by cutting the stem in half. Just ensure that water drains freely from holes in the pot’s base. Many buildings and walkways are framed with this well-mannered yucca, especially in coastal climates. Yucca elephantipes Identification Sheet Origin Mexico Genus Yucca Species / Cultivar Y. elephantipes Common name(s) Spineless yucca Situation Outdoors, full sun preferred Soil moist but well drained, loam sand Eventual height 8 -12 Meters Eventual spread 4 - 8 Meters Hardiness Kept above 5 degrees Rate of growth slow growing Spineless yucca cane plants have a fast growth rate under ideal conditions. Cut the leafy top, keeping at least 4” (10 cm) on the stem. At the end of the article, you will find out how to resolve issues when growing this ornamental yucca as a houseplant. So what's wrong with the plant in the photo above? Yuccas grow just as well in 90°F (32°C) as they do in 30°F (-1°C). Although all varieties are easy enough to grow, there is generally only one popular variety grown as an indoor plant these days and that is Y. elephantipes, we would strongly advise giving any plant labeled Y. aloifolia a miss. To restore things to it's formal attractive appearance you will need to get in there and gently but firmly pull the dead leaves downwards towards the floor. Unlike other species of yuccas that tend to have razor-sharp leaves with sharp ends, the yucca cane plant has soft foliage like a palm tree. It's common to buy a Yucca which has been grown from a special "log" or stem, after potting it up, the new green growth emerges out of the top of this stem and the roots grow out of the bottom and into the soil. Spineless yucca plants need medium humidity. It can reach 30 feet in height (about 9 meters). Spineless yucca plants thrive indoors in average room temperatures. If you aren't sure which variety you are looking at, Y. aloifolia has narrow leaves that gradually taper to a sharp point, where as Y. elephantipes has wider sword shaped leaves that arch slightly. With age, the trunk becomes thick and develops a swollen base with branches near the base. It has the white bell-shaped blooms of other Yuccas and long 4' serrated leaves. Narrowly lance-shaped, light to mid-green leaves, 60-100cm long, are stiffly leathery, with toothed margins. Its botanical name comes from the white thread-like filaments growing on the plant. In fact when a lot of people hear the word Yucca they think about one of the many garden varieties which have dramatic clusters of white bell like flowers during Summer. I'm not sure which is actually correct, but Spineless Yucca, a/k/a Giant yucca can grow to heights of 30'. As a Team, we've almost 50 years of hands on experience as well as a variety of horticulture skills. However, due to their slow growth indoors and their ability to thrive in poor soil, fertilization isn’t always necessary. I have a few of these Spineless Yuccas in my yard. The broad blades are so sharp that they can pierce the skin. Credit for the Shower picture in gallery - Prada Panda Usually a sign of constant overwatering. Average Temperature If you find the temperature comfortable, your plant will too. Although Yucca elephantipes have softer leaves than many landscape yuccas, it’s still advisable to wear gloves when handling the spiky plants. Most make desirable outdoor plants that need little water and care to flourish. A dramatic landscape element, Spineless Yucca is the tallest of the Yuccas, reaching 30 feet in height with a 15-foot spread, its single, thick, rough trunk topped with straplike, four-foot-long leaves. This involves literally cutting / sawing a large top section of the plant off, usually in early Spring. This plant is grown for its leaves and structural height rather than the flowers. Yucca plants grow outdoors in arid deserts and loose, infertile soil. This problem keeps coming up in the comments below as well in direct emails. Too much humidity can result in fungal diseases and leaf spots. When grown indoors, these individuals obviously won’t grow all that tall. The spineless yucca loves sunlight and watering about once a week. To improve drainage and aerate the soil, you can also add pebbles to the potting mix. Plant in fresh potting soil. This species of yucca plant dies after blooming. Beargrass Yucca Plant (Yucca smalliana)—This yucca variety has soft foliage and suitable for planting in backyards without causing harm to pets or animals. North America is home to about 56 species of yucca. Waterlogged soil or dense potting mix result in too much moisture. How to care for Yucca Elephantipes: The spineless yucca thrives growing in bright indirect sunlight, well-draining sandy soil, and a temperature range of 60°F to 80°F (15°C – 26°C). The tallest of the Yuccas, Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca) is a large, upright succulent shrub or small tree boasting several sparsely branched trunks that thicken over time and resemble an elephant's foot. Use indoors as a houseplant in areas with bright light. Dec 5, 2016 - Explore Rebecca Wilton's board "yucca elephantipes" on Pinterest. Plant in an area of full sun to part shade, with well drained soil. May 2, 2018 - Explore Gaileta Eriksson's board "Yucca elephantipes" on Pinterest. The best location indoors for growing a yucca plant is near a south- or west-facing window. Some studies suggest that Yucca elephantipes plants are one of the plants that help improve air quality. Banana Yucca Plant (Yucca baccata)—The banana yucca grows up to 3 ft. (1 m) high and has sharp spiky leaves and is drought resistant. Grow stick yuccas in a sandy, well-draining potting soil. Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca) 1 Plant. As an indoor plant, spineless yuccas only grow to about 5 ft. (1.5 m) high. Yucca Elephantipes is a low maintenance and easy to grow houseplant. Either way, you will have two stem cuttings to use for yucca propagation, Yucca elephantipes can be easily propagated by stem cutting. Which ever type you have, the care requirements are the same for each. This Item Does NOT Ship to California. Even though yuccas are plants that can survive in poor light, their growth will be stretched and foliage sparse. Less bright conditions will slow growth considerably (which may be an advantage) however very shady and dark spots must be avoided to maintain a healthy looking plant. Too much water can cause the roots to rot and develop fungal diseases. If you are watering your yucca plant properly and the leaves have started yellowing, move the cane plant to a brighter location. Other common names spineless yucca Synonyms Yucca guatemalensis. Place the stem cutting in some potting soil to propagate it. Inadequate light can also make the leaves turn yellow and then brown. The common houseplant yucca is the spineless yucca, Yucca gigantea (although it is sold as Y. elephantipes in the trade), with unusually soft and flexible leaves (for a yucca), lacking the usually nasty spine at the leaf tip. According to botanists, a Yucca elephantipes grows at a rate of 24” (60 cm) per year. Yucca elephantipes, also known as yucca guatemalensis, spineless yucca or giant yucca, is a large succulent that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. Whereas younger, smaller plants will suit the majority of homes. Spineless yucca often starts its career as a houseplant and moves out into the yard when it grows too large for a pot. The trunk can grow to four-foot-thick. When grown outdoors, yucca Elephantipes can reach 20 ft. (6 m) high. Its spiky foliage grows in a rosette form on the top of a bare stem or cane. Item Information. The leaves of stick yuccas have no spines, which is how it gets its other common name—spineless yucca. It is also able to withstand temperatures as cold as 10 F. (-12 C.), so you can grow a yucca plant in many different climates. Too much fertiliser. Related: The Best Large Houseplants for Homes and Offices. 25.00. Aim to keep the soil moist during Summer for best results. However, spineless yuccas will also grow well in bright, indirect sunlight. Your Yucca will tolerate a wide range of temperatures, but average home temperatures are best. Sprouts often grow from the base of the trunk forming a multi-trunked tree. Generally it is a narrow plant only spreading to around 50cm / 20in, however it can reach staggering heights of up to 4.5m / 15ft after many years. Growing up to 10 feet tall in some varieties, yucca plants are known for their sword-like 2-and-1/2 feet long leaves. Root rot is the only disease to affect spineless yucca plants. Hence the leap of faith. This article is a complete care guide to growing a Yucca elephantipes at home. Water the cane yucca when the top layer of soil dries. Try to avoid putting your potted yucca plant in a dark, shaded location. The result is that roots start to rot, and the leaves turn yellow. Adjust accordingly. To propagate a stick yucca, cut the stem using a sharp clean saw. Yucca elephantipes, also known as Yucca guatamalensis or the Spineless Yucca, is native to southeast Mexico and Guatemala.The plant has stiff, green, blade-like leaves that grow from a central axis, and it can be used as a houseplant, or in outdoor landscaping, depending on the climate.This kind of yucca can grow to 30 ft (9.14 m) tall. Credit for the tall Yucca touching the ceiling in the article / gallery - Robin Berthier. If you choose to fertilize your yucca, select a low-nitrogen, balanced fertilizer. Soapweed Yucca Plant (Yucca glauca)—A stunning species of yucca with sharp, stiff pointed leaves. Fortunately Y. elephantipes commonly known as the "Stick Yucca" or as it should now make more sense; the "Spineless Yucca" doesn't have razor sharp leaves. In addition to its bold look, the Yucca Cane is an easy care plant that requires low watering and enjoys high to medium light spaces. Its spiky leaves alone can reach a size of about 4 feet (1.2 meters). Yuccas are excellent desert plants well-suited to the desert climate. The best potting soil for growing yucca plants indoors contains horticultural soil, lava gravel, and some leaf mold or compost. Condition:--not specified. So let us help you to grow your knowledge and become a houseplant expert. Gently ease the root ball from the container and remove excess dirt from the roots. It's very simple but really effective and will transform the look of your plant. Yucca plants grow outdoors in hot arid climates. Its upright spineless hard leaves sit atop a thick wood cane in multiple clusters which creates an exotic tropical look. Yucca's are often very difficult to bring back to health once they start to go downhill, so if it does succumb it might make you feel better to know you are in good company. However in a short time the plant should produce new offsets from the cut edge. However, excessive humidity is only usually a problem during cold winter months if there is too much moisture in the air. If you're having problems removing any of the leaves then simply cut them off as close to the trunk and stem as possible. Keep the propagated yucca plant in indirect light and keep the soil slightly moist. Water your Yucca liberally during warmer months of the year. Yucca's have fairly long and thick leaves, so if any of the leaves are looking dead, brown or messy it can create a real eyesore as well as making it look like a problem exists when there isn't one. When kept outdoors, Yucca elephantipes, also known as Spineless Yucca, is often used as a landscape element. The Yucca plant is one garden and houseplant which will be quite happy with as much sun as you can give it. The spineless yucca loves sunlight and watering about once a week. The plant can, however, be grown outdoors too. Similar to many types of succulents, spineless yuccas are drought-resistant plants. Make sure you firm it in well to prevent it falling or rocking itself out of the pot. Growing indoors, a potted yucca has a slower growth rate. He is the main content writer for the Ourhouseplants Team. Yucca elephantipes —also called spineless yucca, stick yucca and yucca gigantea—is a type of shrubby plant with thick cane stems and sword-shaped leaves. Also, any problems affecting their roots or growth—root rot or excessive drought—will cause the yucca plant to lean over. Unlike other yuccas, this one bears no sharp thorns; the tips fold and curl like wrapping paper. The Yucca is moderately poisonous to cats, dogs and people. Use a diluted cactus fertilizer every two to three months to feed a spineless yucca during the growing season. To properly care for your yucca elephantipes houseplant, only water it when the soil dries out. Snipping off the bottom leaves will give the yucca plant an appearance of upward growth. The yucca plant is a popular indoor and outdoor plant. And, they will also adapt to lower light conditions. Yucca is mostly grown as an ornamental plant, and the flexibility in its maintenance and care makes it a popular plant for growing at home. You may notice that if air moisture levels are excessively low, brown tips could appear on the leaves. Yucca plants that sit in damp, soggy soil often succumb to root rot. Yucca elephantipes rarely flowers when grown indoors as a houseplant. The stem remaining in the pot should grow a new rosette of shiny broad yucca leaves. Stick yucca plants rarely produce any flowers when growing in pots or containers. The Yucca elephantipes is the only species of yucca that is advisable to grow as a houseplant. However if you look closely you can see the white film is in spots and individual blotches. Growing outdoors, the Yucca elephantipes thrives in USDA zones 9 – 11. A south-facing window would be ideal in winter with an east or west-facing window in summer. In general, average household humidity is ideal, so you don’t need to mist yucca cane plants or use a humidifier. To water a stick yucca, thoroughly drench the soil until it drains from the pot’s base. There are also black and brown dots in the creases of the leaves where they meet the stem, which isn't normal. Family Asparagaceae Genus Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers This is one of the hardest problems to identity and resolve because it could caused by any number of things. Yucca elephantipes, spineless yucca Commonly called spineless yucca, this tall succulent can grow up to 10 feet tall and features clusters of sword-like leaves that shoot out from its woody trunk. However the taller branched or pots containing multiple plants at different heights are considerably more in price and significantly harder to get hold of. From the beginner to the more experienced, there's something for everyone. The leaves of Y. elephantipes while not overly sharp still have a pointed end, so you should still take care. Related: The Best Indoor Plant Fertilizers. The nickname given to Y. aloifolia is "Spanish Bayonet" and if that wasn't enough of a clue as to why it doesn't belong indoors, here in plain English is why you don't want it in your home; the leaves are razor sharp! Quantity: 3 available. Once the propagated stem is rooted, place in a bright location and look after as usual. Yucca elephantipes, also known as the spineless or soft-tipped yucca, is a small evergreen tree reaching around 9 meters in the wild, but it is usually smaller in cultivation. The top bit you have removed with all the leaves can be potted up in a different pot of compost as a separate plant. The Yucca elephantipes is an ideal tree like houseplant because of its soft palm-like foliage, medium growth, and for its ease of care. Proper watering techniques are the best way to prevent yucca root disease. The most common pest on yuccas growing indoors or outdoors are aphids, mealybugs, or scale insects. The tree like yucca plant has large sword like leaves, and large clusters of white flowers. Spineless yuccas are one of the few yucca plants suitable as a houseplant. It can look a lot like a miniature palm tree, or in some cases a Dragon Tree (Dracaena). See more ideas about Yucca, Yucca plant, Plants. ... Care for this versatile indoor and outdoor plant is flexible, easy care, easy to maintain – and being considered one of the top air cleaning indoor plants is just another benefit. The spineless yucca, which can survive in low light, is generally preferred for growing at home. Firstly some Yuccas will have this trait naturally (see gallery photos), if it comes on suddenly it could be caused by; poor watering techniques (over or under watering). Care for this versatile indoor and outdoor plant is flexible, easy care, easy to maintain – and being considered one of the top air cleaning indoor plants is just another benefit. So in this instance the Yucca has a pest infestation that needs to be treated accordingly. However, pruning the top off the yucca stem can help control its growth. YUCCA ELEPHANTIPES Potted plant, Spineless yucca, 3-stem. Make sure the soil dry's out before watering again. It can also be caused by poor air quality, particularly if the humidity is very high, or if exposed to temperatures below 7°C / 45°F these problems almost only ever occur in the Winter months. In addition to its bold look, the Yucca Cane is an easy care plant that requires low watering and enjoys high to medium light spaces. Accidentally brushing past without clothes on (it's been known to happen trust us) or leaning into Y. aloifolia can be pretty painful to say the least. Spineless Yucca 5" Pot. Yucca elephantipes “Spineless Yucca, Giant Yucca” is large, upright shrub or usually small tree with several to many sparsely branched trunks arising near ground level. Also, spineless yuccas tend to require better drainage than succulents. This can be caused by Leaf Spot, remove badly affected leaves and spray with a fungicide. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Here are a few types of yucca cane plants for garden landscapes: Spanish Bayonet (Yucca aloifolia)—This yucca plant grows up to 15 ft. (4.5 m) high and has razor-sharp, sword-like leaves up to 30” (76 cm) long. Over the last 20 years Tom has successfully owned hundreds of houseplants and is always happy to share knowledge and lend his horticulture skills to those in need. They need to be trimmed back. The yucca cane will grow better if you water them less often rather than too frequently. Learn how to spot the early signs of pest infestations to prevent pests from killing your plants. Indoors a South facing window would be the first choice. They should "rip" off the trunk / stem with no visible damage. The best choices for container-planted yucca are smaller varieties that are spineless, otherwise, you risk the plant outgrowing its pot or offering a disposition similar to that of a cactus. Allow the cut yucca stem to dry for a few days. The photo below shows a good example. Popular varieties or cultivars include the variegated form Yucca elephantipes ‘Silver Star’. Yucca plants grow outdoors in hot arid climates. To help identify this species of yucca from others, check for spines on the leaves. Indoor Plants That Don’t Need Sunlight (With Houseplant Pictures), Philodendron Pink Princess (Philodendron Erubescens): Ultimate Care and Growing Guide, Anthurium Clarinervium Care: How to Grow Velvet Cardboard Anthurium, The Best Shower Plants to Keep in Your Bathroom (Low Light, No Light) - With Pictures, Yucca Elephantipes (Spineless Yucca / Stick Yucca) – The Complete Care Guide, rubbing alcohol to get rid of mealybugs for good, natural neem oil spray to eradicate scale, The Best Large Houseplants for Homes and Offices, Tall Indoor Plants: Best Large Houseplants for Homes and Offices, 25 Desert Plants (With Pictures and Names), Types of Yucca Plants (With Pictures) – Identification Guide. However, the yucca plant is prized for its soft, spiky-looking foliage. Put the plant in a slightly larger pot and fill with soil, ensuring the plant grows at the same height as before. Allow all the excess water to drain out before putting the yucca plant pot back in its bright location. Wear protective clothing to prevent sharp leaves of some yucca species from damaging your skin.