Rare SpeciesThe abundance of individual tree species varies greatly from those that are found throughout the state in a variety of habitats such as red maple, beech, and red oak, to those that are very limited in their occurrence. We didn’t want to stop there! Early accounts of the landscape of the interior of Pennsylvania contain frequent references like this descriptive passage by Fortescue Cumming while crossing Tuscarora Mountain in 1807, "view to the westward, though extensive, was cheerless and gloomy, over a broken and mountainous or rather hilly country, covered with forests, chiefly of the dark and sombre pine . The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society publishes research in all areas of plant biology in the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of horticulture. Clearcutting was frequently followed by fires; started by sparks from the railroads, the fires burned rapidly and fiercely through the slash left after logging. Trees of Pennsylvania and the Northeast. Others, such as American holly, sweetbay magnolia, southern red oak, willow oak, chinquapin, and short-needle pine, just reach the state from the south. Home>Browse by State>Pennsylvania>Pines. A Brief History of Penn's WoodsThe land that greeted the earliest Europeans to arrive in Pennsylvania was primarily forested, broken only by rivers, occasional wetlands, and clearings associated with Native American villages. Others, such as chestnut and butternut, have become rare through the impact of insects or diseases. One hundred and thirty five species of trees are considered native to Pennsylvania. Beginning in the 1760s, white pine logs 120 feet long and 4 feet in diameter (or larger) were cut in the hills of northeastern Pennsylvania, fastened together in huge rafts, and floated down the Delaware River to Philadelphia to provide masts for British ships. A campaign led by Dr. Joseph Rothrock, resulted in the formation of a Division of Forestry within the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture in 1895 and the appointment of Dr. Rothrock as the first Forestry Commissioner. It also occurs further south on north-facing slopes and cool, moist ravines. When choosing ornamental trees in Pennsylvania, pay attention to the unique environmental characteristics of your state; the majority of Pennsylvania falls within USDA hardiness zones 5 and 6 with smaller areas in zones 4 and 7. The eastern hemlock is a prevalent tree in Pennsylvania forests. Pennsylvania is home to a wide variety of trees, some living no where in the world, not to mention some of the oldest and longest living in the world. Pennsylvania trees. Rail beds were constructed up every hollow, far into forests unreachable when proximity to water was necessary to transport the logs to markets. Oak forests dominate the southern two-thirds of the state. Eastern Hemlock. In the southeastern corner of the state, in a narrow sliver of the Atlantic Coastal Plain physiographic province that parallels the Delaware River, coastal plain forests contain sweetgum, willow oak, southern red oak, and sweetbay magnolia. They can grow tall and strong, making it a favored wood for construction. Trees are all around, but how much do you know about them? The naturalist, forester, or weekend observer will discover all this and more in Trees of Pennsylvania. The naturalist, forester, or weekend observer will discover all this and more in Trees of Pennsylvania.Written by botanists at the Morris Arboretum, the official arboretum of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, this is the most comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible field and natural history guide to the state's tree life. Here are some of the most common trees of Pennsylvania. Black maples can tower to eighty-five feet. Most of Pennsylvania’s forest lands fall into two types: Mixed oak forests cover about 54 percent of the commonwealth -- mostly in the south -- and include trees such as northern red oak, chestnut oak, shagbark hickory, red maple, and tulip poplar. Look at leaves, twigs, buds and any flowers or fruits. The team at Cutting Edge Tree Professionals has a wide range of experience with trees of all kinds. This book describes more than 60 species of trees found in Pennsylvania and the northeastern United States in a straightforward, informative style. Pennsylvania's Forest Heritage. The authors discuss flowering and fruiting time, autumn leaf color, and the size of the largest specimen recorded within the state. How to identify trees Identification Keys, GlossaryAppendixTree ListsNative Trees that are Important Food Sources for Moths and ButterfliesSmall to Moderate-size Native Trees with Conspicuous FlowersNative Trees with Edible FruitsEndangered, Threatened, and Rare Trees of PennsylvaniaNative Early Successional Trees (sun-loving)Native Trees of Riparian ForestsNative Wetland TreesTrees that are at or Near the Southern Limit of their Natural Range in PennsylvaniaTrees that are at or Near the Northern Limit of their Natural Range in PennsylvaniaTrees that are at or Near the Eastern Limit of their Natural Range in PennsylvaniaPennsylvania Trees Listed by Family, Chapter 2. In Pennsylvania, the clearing for farming and cutting trees for commercial uses that began with the first European arrivals had, by 1900, reduced the forest cover from 90-95 percent of the land area to 32 percent. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the USDA NRCS PLANTS Database at plants.usda.gov.In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the US distribution map will be used in its place. Artisans craft fine musical instruments from the wood of native red spruces. Visit our main Tree Page to review the list of the ones that will be covered for now (PA has over 100 species, but we are starting with 57). Mail Artisans craft fine musical instruments from the wood of native red spruces. Butterflies of Pennsylvania : a field guide. ... Big Trees of Pennsylvania Register. Hemlock logs were cut and the bark stripped off and hauled to tanneries located in many parts of the state near the source of bark. They help heat our homes and cool our streets. The Value of TreesThe ecological importance of forests and trees to the well-being of the state is enormous. Each species is described in a concise, tabular format that includes the characteristics of leaves, branches, bark, flowers, and fruits. Forests and the trees and other species that comprise them are constantly changing systems. Dutch elm disease and dogwood anthracnose have taken their toll. The mixed mesophytic forests, which reach their greatest development in the Smoky Mountains, just reach southern Pennsylvania. The Big Trees of Pennsylvania publication, sponsored by the Pennsylvania Forestry Association, showcases some of the oldest, tallest, and widest trees in our state. Classifications Library of Congress QK484.P4 A5 1958 The Physical Object Pagination v, 55 p. Number of pages 55 ID Numbers Open Library OL218372M LC Control Number a 60004293 OCLC/WorldCat 9041474. The naturalist, forester, or weekend observer will discover all this and more in Trees of Pennsylvania. Trees of Pennsylvania: The Atlantic States and the Lake States: 9780812210644: Books - Amazon.ca Early lumbering—Tall, straight, and suitable for masts for ships, the eastern white pine was the first large-scale target of waves of loggers who assaulted Pennsylvania's forests. These giant evergreens are actually the Pennsylvania state tree! Native vs. introduced species—Native species are defined as those that were here before the first Europeans arrived. 2004 | 416 pages | Cloth $59.95
Botany / Ecology/Environmental Studies
View main book page, Chapter 1. The cooling effect from transpiration and shading add to our comfort. Spring through summer high levels of … However, short-term fencing does not allow forest shrubs or wildflowers, which never outgrow the reach of deer, to escape devastation. PH: 814-443-2991, Nate Shumaker This is a reference text and not a field guide. In addition to 2.1 million acres of state forests, Pennsylvania's publicly owned forest lands include another 277,000 acres in 116 state parks. Fall trees nestled in the Laurel Highlands of Pennsylvania with an orange green tree in the foreground with a brown rickety fence. Trees with a more western distribution that reach Pennsylvania include Shumard oak, bur oak, shingle oak, and Kentucky coffee-tree. While those are the most common trees of Pennsylvania there are dozens of trees you will likely see in a walk in the woods. However, that forest is a fairly recent product of the geological evolution of Pennsylvania's landscape. Trees are also beautiful and restful to look at, conveying a sense of pleasure and well-being. Written by botanists at the Morris Arboretum, the official arboretum of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, this is the most comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible field and natural history guide to the state's tree life. 243979, Member of the Somerset County Chamber of Commerce. Also has images of the trees for identification and links for further tree species education. Ann Rhoads and Timothy Block cover all of Pennsylvania's 195 trees, both native and naturalized. The Forest TodayDespite dire predictions of Rothrock and others, Pennsylvania's forests did recover in the years following the great clearcut. These forests have a dense layer of shrubs such as mountain laurel and black huckleberry. A second wave of timber harvesting focused on hemlock bark, which was used in the leather tanning industry. Identify ornamental trees that thrive in Pennsylvania… They act as living filters, cleaning the air we breathe and the water we drink. Dept. And then lots of trees in the Small shed and autumn trees, in rural York County, Pennsylvania. Ann Rhoads and Timothy Block cover all of Pennsylvania's 195 trees, both native and naturalized. Trees dominate the landscape and provide habitat structure for a multitude of other plants, animals, invertebrates, and microorganisms, thereby protecting biological diversity. Deer have consumed the lower layers of vegetation including tree seedlings and saplings, shrubs, and herbaceous species. Swamp forests along Lake Erie are the only locations where pumpkin ash occurs. When choosing ornamental trees in Pennsylvania, pay attention to the unique environmental characteristics of your state; the majority of Pennsylvania falls within USDA hardiness zones 5 and 6 with smaller areas in zones 4 and 7. Trees with a more western distribution that reach Pennsylvania include Shumard oak, bur oak, shingle oak, and Kentucky coffee-tree. As early successional species modify the environment by increasing the organic matter and shading the forest floor, more shade tolerant species invade. The first European settlers found extensive clearings created by Native Americans in the Cumberland Valley, Penns Valley in Centre County, and the Wyoming Valley, as well as other sites. List of pine trees native to Pennsylvania. With a slow to medium growth rate, the Colorado blue spruce thrives in full sunlight and moist, well-drained soil, and grows to a height of 30 to 90 feet with a … State game lands, administered by the Pennsylvania Game Commission, contain another 1.4 million acres in the public domain. The nuts have a soft green outer caseing with a hard brown shell inside. The maple syrup adored by so many comes from the sugar maple, one of the many common maples found in Pennsylvania. Two trees that once grew here, Atlantic white cedar and swamp cottonwood, are extirpated (gone from the state). Descriptions, Illustrations, and Distribution Maps, Alder — Apple — Aralia — Arbor-vitae — Ash — Atlantic white-cedar — Basswood — Beebee tree — Beech — Birch — Blackgum — Blackhaw — Bladdernut — Buckeye — Catalpa — Cherry — Chestnut — Chinese toon-tree — Corktree — Crabapple — Dogwood — Douglas-fir — Elm — Empress-tree — Fir — Fringetree — Ginkgo — Golden rain-tree — Hackberry — Hawthorn — Hemlock — Hickory — Holly — Honey-locust — Hoptree — Hop-hornbeam — Hornbeam — Juniper — Katsura-tree — Kentucky coffee-tree — Larch — Locust — Magnolia — Maple — Mimosa — Mountain-ash — Mulberry — Oak — Osage-orange — Pagoda-tree — Paper-mulberry — Pawpaw — Pear — Persimmon — Photinia — Pine — Plum — Poplar — Prickly-ash — Redbud — Sapphire-berry — Sassafras — Shadbush — Silverbell — Snowbell — Sourwood — Spruce — Sumac — Sweetgum — Sycamore — Tree-of-heaven — Tuliptree — Walnut — Willow — Witch-hazell, Chapter 4. While Pennsylvania is a great place to plant trees on any level, you do have to be careful and make sure that you use the best practices and techniques to care for it. Forests and Trees. For this assignment I decided to create an environmental piece on trees in Pennsylvania. Department of Forests and Waters. 4 | Pennsylvania Native Trees and Shrubs Lancaster County Planning Commission Terms Alluvium soil: loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock), or sediments, eroded, deposited, and reshaped by water in some form in a non-marine setting. Rarity occurs for several reasons; some native Pennsylvania trees such as balsam fir, tamarack, and black spruce are northern species that are at their southern limit of range in Pennsylvania. Common trees of Pennsylvania. Common trees of Pennsylvania. Trees of Pennsylvania: The Atlantic States and the Lake States Hui-Lin Li Snippet view - 1972. You can submit trees for consideration for champion status to this website. Nut Bearing Trees of Pennsylvania The End By: Ryan Mowry Walnut Black walnut trees are mainly found in the souther part of Pennsylvania. Previous. An iron furnace required 20,000-35,000 acres of forest to support it on a sustainable basis. 494 Harvest Drive Rockwood, PA 15557 . Get this from a library! Trees came back not only on cutover lands, but also on abandoned farmland; today, second growth forests cover 59 percent of the state's land area. The state tree of Pennsylvania is the Eastern Hemlock, Tsuga canadensis, and has been since a decision by the state in 1931.It is an evergreen conifer found all over the state, but more often in the mountainous areas because it tends to prefer cooler, shady climates, and moist, well drained soil. Oak and other hardwoods are also important. Major Forest TypesPennsylvania's climate, rainfall, and soil fertility support forest growth throughout most of the state with the exception of areas that are too wet or too rocky. During the railroad logging era, technology was present not only to harvest vast areas but also to utilize everything regardless of species or size. Trees of Pennsylvania : field guide. Understory trees include flowering dogwood, pawpaw, umbrella magnolia, redbud, and witch-hazel. Research is ongoing to understand the cause(s) of a widespread dieback of sugar maple centered in Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is the only state in the nation named for its forests. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society publishes research in all areas of plant biology in the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of horticulture. Trees are essential to our lives. of Forests and Waters., 1958 edition, in English [Harrisburg, 1952] (OCoLC)644076455 By far, however, the largest proportion (70 percent) of forested land in the state is privately owned. The oak-dominated forests that persist today, and native grasslands, most of which disappeared soon after Native Americans were ousted from the land, almost certainly owe their existence to traditions of large-scale burning among some groups of people for centuries or thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. The Tionesta Scenic and Natural Area in Allegheny National Forest in northwestern Pennsylvania includes the only sizable tract of old growth forest that remains in the state. Also has images of the trees for identification and links for further tree species education. Shale barrens and limestone barrens of the Ridge and Valley physiographic province contain drought-tolerant species including red cedar, Virginia pine, table mountain pine, yellow oak, post oak, hackberry, and sumac. Here are some tips to help you learn about Pennsylvania's most common trees: Carefully study the tree you want to identify. Services . Authoritative, encyclopedic, lavishly illustrated guide to the trees of the state and region—from the Morris Arboretum, the official arboretum of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The resulting scenes of devastation generated concern by groups throughout the state and led to the formation of the Pennsylvania Forestry Association. River birch occurs along rivers and streams in the eastern part of the state but not in the west. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. You probably even see these in your own yard and don’t even know it. Sugar Maple. Understory trees typically include moosewood, witch-hazel, mountain holly, and shadbush. Common trees of Pennsylvania by Pennsylvania. Beech bark disease, which appeared in Nova Scotia about 1920, is still spreading across the northern half of the state reducing beech to groves of young sapling-size root shoots. The most recent invader, hemlock woolly adelgid, is killing our state tree the Canadian hemlock in southern and eastern parts of the state. Charcoal making utilized small trees and could be done on a 25-year rotation in most areas. The gypsy moth, which spread into the state following its accidental release in eastern Massachusetts in 1869, reduced the importance of oaks through preferential feeding on members of the genus Quercus.