The largest crocodile species is saltwater crocodile. Crocodiles eat a variety of fish, birds and other animals. In 1975, the American crocodile was federally listed as an endangered species. There are two living alligator species: the American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and the Chinese Alligator (Alligator sinensis). FACTS: There are two species–a large type found in the United States and a small type found in China. But the muscles used to open them are very weak, a large band of rubber can be placed around the jaws to keep them closed when transporting them. They can swim up to 25mph. Fantastic collection of worksheets and resources available to download today. Be#Croc#Aware:4#simplemessages# 1. Crocodilians play an important role in the ecology of their watery habitats. As the miniature crocodiles (about 30cm long) hatch, the female gently picks up a few at a time in her jaws and carries them to a safe nursery area in the water. The saltwater crocodile is the largest species of crocodile. Read the fact sheet and answer thje questions and activities that follow. The nostrils, eyes and ears lie along the top of the head so that the animal can hear, see, smell and breathe when the rest of the body is submerged. Crocodilians can move about on land - with surprising speed, particularly when alarmed or angry - but their bodies are mainly adapted for a life in water. Crocodilians, being cold-blooded reptiles, have to avoid extremes of temperature. Crocodile facts . They act as scavengers, just as vultures, hyenas and jackals do on land, keeping the rivers and lakes clear of carrion (dead animals). The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptilespecies . One family of crocodilians includes the crocodiles, alligators and caimans - Crocodylidae; the second family, Gavialidae, has only one member - the gharial or gavial (a very narrow-snouted crocodile). WhatsApp. As of 2020, 7 of the 23 crocodile species were listed as critically endangered and 4 were listed as vulnerable. For the eggs to hatch into male crocs, the temperature of … The Nile crocodile is a carnivore. Today when crocodiles are cut open, their intestines resemble the skull of the man killed. The crocodile uses its strong jaws and teeth to drag an animal underwater and drown it. Explore more than 10,000 'Crocodile Fact Sheet Template' resources for teachers, parents and pupils The illegal hunting of crocodilians must be stamped out if these interesting and useful reptiles are to survive in the wild. Most crocodiles live in fresh water rivers and lakes but some live in salt water. Crocs(are(common.(2. Created: Nov 19, 2011 | Updated: May 10, 2020. One family of crocodilians includes the crocodiles, alligators and caimans - Crocodylidae; the second family, Gavialidae, has only one member - the gharial or gavial (a very narrow-snouted crocodile). BeCrocwise(Be#CROCWISE:#Enjoy#thewaterways#safely# The two facts combined made crocodiles just about disappear in other countries that previously had healthy populations. <> She lays up to 80 white hard-shelled eggs, covers them well with sand and guards them for about 3 months. In one study, nearly 55% of From more information about amazing Australian animals, visit page: Australian Animals. • Crocodiles are very fast over short distances on land and use the element of surprise on their prey. Today several breeding programs exist in Australia, for skin and meat production. One species, the Australian saltie, also travels in coastal salt water. Crocodiles have the very keen hearing. The nostrils can also be closed by special muscles, and the eyes have a 'third eyelid' which gives protection when diving. Free. • Large saltwater crocodiles can stay underwater for … They have flattened bodies and tails, short legs, and powerful jaws. Crocodilian Biology Database (2012), Frequently Asked Questions, How long do crocodiles live for? Crocodiles do not sweat. Twitter. Info. Having resided in the Australia Zoo as one of its oldest residents, Mr Freshie was a freshwater crocodile that lived to be 140 years old making him the oldest known crocodile to ever be put in captivity. In very dry climates, crocodiles may sleep until the dry season ends. In comparison, our crocodile facts tell us that a crocodile’s jaws can apply 5000 pounds of pressure per square inch. They can even hear the voice of babies from the eggs. <> The Nile Crocodile is one of the largest of all crocodilians (the estuarine crocodile, the most aquatic and marine of all crocodilians, living in South India, Indonesia and South Australia, is reputed to be the biggest of all). Crocodile facts . Also, several projects have been started for breeding Nile crocodiles in captivity with the intention of restocking suitable rivers and lakes. Preview and details Files included (1) pdf, 212 KB. In PDF & Google Slides format. The answer is that there is very little difference between any of the crocodilians. Saltwater crocodiles have evolved special characteristics that make them excellent predators. Crocodiles inhabit saltwater, brackish water, or freshwater near coastal areas in mangrove-lined ponds, creeks, coves, man-made ponds, and canals. The dwarf crocodile is, however, a largely nocturnal predator, spending most daylight hours hidden in small pools or in deep burrows. Crocodiles are an important motif in Aboriginal art. ReddIt. Breeding: Nile crocodiles begin to breed when they are around 2.5m in length - this may take 7 years to achieve. Author: Created by coreenburt. NILE CROCODILE FACT SHEET 2017 During the dry season, Nile crocodiles will either need to move to a more permanent area of water or estivate when temperatures are too hot. Nile crocodiles are highly fecund; females lay eggs dug out of the sand and aggressively guard the nest (Cansdale, 1955; Cott, 1961; Lang, 1987; Magnusson et al., 1989; Branch, 1993, 1998; Allen, 1998). 21. There are between 5 000 - 6 000 species of reptiles in the world today, and of these 23 are crocodilians. Interesting Crocodile Facts: Closest relatives of crocodiles are birds and dinosaurs. Crocodiles release heat through their mouths rather than through sweat glands. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> During the 1950s some 5 - 10 million Nile crocodiles a year were killed for their skins. Crocodiles inhabit saltwater, brackish water, or freshwater near coastal areas in mangrove-lined ponds, creeks, coves, man-made ponds, and canals. Crocodilians play an important role in the ecology of their watery habitats. See the fact file below for more information about crocodiles. endobj Here is one of the most interesting crocodile facts: The temperature of the nest where the eggs are laid actually determine whether the baby born will be a male or a female. The majority of their diet is fish but adults will also eat antelope, ostrich, baboon, zebra and buffalo. 4.7 6 customer reviews. Despite the mother's protection, very few crocodiles reach adulthood. Crocodiles vary in size. Home Reptiles Slender-Snouted Crocodile Facts for Kids. Today we are going to learn about the crocodile...a very carnivorous reptile. Let us learn some of the most exciting and useful saltwater crocodile facts for kids. endobj Crocodiles are large, carnivorous reptiles of the order Crocodilia, found in tropical and subtropical regions. It eats every part of the body, including bones and antlers, which help digestion. It preys on almost anything, including hoofed animals that drink at the water's edge, predatory fish - and sometimes humans! • The largest crocodile species is SALTWATER CROCODILE. It can reach 7m (23 ft) in length and weight one ton! Download the fact sheet Crocodile Fact Sheet. During the hottest part of the day, the animals will move into the shade or water to prevent their body from overheating. There are between 5 000 - 6 000 species of reptiles in the world today, and of these 23 are crocodilians. Habitat: Mainly large rivers, lakes, waterholes and wetlands; also estuaries and mangrove swamps. • Large saltwater crocodiles can stay underwater for … Crocodile Facts & Worksheets. American alligator populations reached all-time lows in the 1950s, primarily due to market- hunting and habitat loss. Crocodiles of the World (2014), Conservation Status [online], Available from http://www.crocodilesoftheworld.co.uk/ conservation/conservation-status.html [accessed 17/06/2015]. Involvement in the crocodile harvest and management builds on and strengthens cultural and traditional knowledge and practices of indigenous people, enabling them to stay “on country” using traditional skills rather than moving to urban areas for jobs. Pinterest. Saltwater Crocodile Facts For Kids Conclusion. crocodile populations PDF (95.9 KB) crocodile safety PDF (97.3 KB) crocodile science PDF (113.3 KB) crocodile photobook PDF (6.0 MB) fishing and boating PDF (1.5 MB) what you need to know about crocs PDF (340.5 KB) junior ranger Nature Notes for living with crocodiles PDF (884.3 KB) crocs are deadly colouring in sheet PDF (1.3 MB) Some have lived even longer. 4.7 6 customer reviews. %PDF-1.5 Crocodilians are the closest surviving relatives of the great dinosaurs and they have changed very little during the 150 million years that they have lived on Earth! It cannot chew, so it clamps its jaws and spins its own body to tear off large chunks of flesh. Free. 2 0 obj Large lizards, mongooses, hyenas, birds, large fish and other crocodiles all eat hatchlings. 2. One family of crocodilians includes the crocodiles, alligators and caimans - Crocodylidae; the second family, Gavialidae, has only one member - the gharial or gavial (a very narrow-snouted crocodile). %���� There are between 5 000 - 6 000 species of reptiles in the world today, and of these 23 are crocodilians. Facebook. They have changed very little during the 150 million years that they have lived on Earth. Mating occurs in the dry season and, when the rainy season begins, the female digs out a nest in a bank near the water. Estivation is similar to hibernation in that an animal’s activity and food intake drastically slows. Preview. Hatchling gender is determined by the heat of the sun-warmed nest; lower temperatures produce mostly females while higher temperatures produce mostly males (Branch, 1998). The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is a top predator that lives along the southern tip of peninsular Florida. Loading... Save for later. Diet: Mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and carrion. They act as scavengers, just as vultures, hyenas and jackals do on land, keeping the rivers and lakes clear of carrion (dead animals). The slender-snouted crocodile (Mecistops cataphractus) is a rare crocodile species that lives throughout the Africa. A crocodile is a large amphibious reptile. Like all reptiles, crocodiles use the environment to regulate their body temperature. a government fact-sheet on the species says full-grown adults will feed on "whatever they can overpower" and wait at the waters edge to ambush animals that approach. Relentless hunting has severely reduced a lot of crocodilians. When the young are ready to hatch, they begin to call with squeaky 'chirps' and their mother digs them out of the nest. The main reason for the over-hunting of crocodilians is the demand for their skins, which may be made into handbags, shoes, brief cases etc. Commercial crocodile farming is also being tried in a few countries, a small percentage of the crocodiles raised being used for restocking wild habitats, and the remainder used for skin products. Crocodile Facts: The jaws of a crocodile are the strongest of any animal. Alligators and caimans have broader snouts than crocodiles and the lower teeth cannot be seen when the jaw is closed - all their upper jaw teeth hang over those in the lower jaw. The best hope for their survival lies in the setting-up of sanctuaries within their existing habitats, where they are protected from hunters. Saltwater crocodiles have evolved special characteristics that make them excellent predators. Distribution: Madagascar, Egypt and central Africa, south to Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe. Estimated to live 70 - 100 years. Crocodile fact sheet and comprehension. The saltwater crocodile is the largest species of crocodile. Crocodile fact sheet and comprehension. When it is fairly cool, they rest on a waterside bank, allowing the sun to warm their body. stream The jaw of a human only produces 100 pounds of pressure per square inch. Since they are big, there is a crocodile species called “Dwarf Crocodile” She will guard them from predators for several more weeks until they go off on their own. Crocs(move(around.(3. Author: Created by coreenburt. They also eat large quantities of predatory fish, so helping to preserve suitable fish for humans. Crocodiles are very fast over short distances on land and use the element of surprise. There are 14 species of crocodiles, which vary in lifespan between 35 – 75 years, and considerably in size. They use great pressure to close their mouths. They are vocal and have about 20 different sounds for communication. COMPREHENSION ON CROCODILES. It lives mostly in large tropical rivers, where it is an ambush predator. Crocs(are(deadly.(4. We hope that you have enjoyed reading these Saltwater Crocodile facts for kids. On a rare occasion they can eat larger prey such as giraffe, rhino or young buffaloes and hippos. Because both species of crocodile have intestines the same shape they are said to have a common ancestor. True crocodiles have lower teeth which fit into notches either side of the outer upper jaw - protruding when the jaws are closed. Reptile Facts & Worksheets. Its bite is ten times more powerful compared to a … 1989) but this fact has been poorly substantiated. 22. They have broader, blunter snouts, which give their heads a triangular appearance; also, the lower fourth tooth does not protrude when the mouth is closed, as it does in the crocodile. They can swim up to 25mph. Description: A long body armoured with bony plates set in the skin of the back; long deep-sided tail, short limbs and long-snouted skull. The Young People's Trust for the Environment is a charity which aims to encourage young people's understanding of the environment and the need for sustainability. A crocodile's bite is the strongest bite of any animal in the world. Crocodile Facts Overview Crocodiles are semi-aquatic and live in wetland areas, freshwater rivers or lakes, or saltwater – residing in estuaries, lagoons, or mangrove swamps, rather than far out at sea. An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae. Yet another problem is the use of new types of fishing nets called gill nets, in which crocodiles can become entangled and drown. <>>> They appeared at the same time when dinosaurs appeared. Please donate £1 to help YPTE to continue its work of inspiring young people to look after our world. Lifespan: Ages of over 56 years have been recorded. Estuarine (saltwater) crocodiles are the world’s largest reptiles and Australia’s largest estuarine and … The easiest to identify is the gharial because it has an extremely long, thin snout. Crocodile, (order Crocodylia, or Crocodilia), any of 23 species of generally large, ponderous, amphibious animals of lizard-like appearance and carnivorous habit belonging to the reptile order Crocodylia. Crocodiles live in swamps or on river banks and catch their prey in the water. 4 0 obj 3 0 obj Like alligators, crocodiles are … Created: Nov … Read more. Slender-Snouted Crocodile Facts for Kids. It is most important that the skin trade is carefully monitored so that only farm-bred animals are used for leather goods. Young crocodiles feed upon fish, frogs, insects and reptiles. Another threat to the crocodiles is destruction of their habitat - drainage of wetlands, clearance of riverside forests, trampling of nesting sites by cattle - have all reduced suitable habitat. Crocodiles eat a variety of fish, birds and other animals. In 1975, the American crocodile was federally listed as an endangered species. 1 0 obj Interesting Crocodile Facts: 21-25. While basking in the sun, A member of the crocodile family, the American alligator is a living fossil from the Age of Reptiles, having survived on earth for 200 million years. They also eat large quantities of predatory fish, so helping to preserve suitable fish for humans. Although legally protected in many places, crocodiles continue to be hunted. Crocodiles live on the Earth 240 million years. Tags: africa, crocodile, fact sheet, freshwater, reptile, river, san diego zoo, sdzg SDZG Library Mission: to provide outstanding information resources and services to advance knowledge in animal and plant care and conservation, inspire passion for nature, ignite personal responsibility, and strengthen our organization’s capacity to save species worldwide. It can grow up to six metres and is a serious threat to humans. Crocodilians are the closest surviving relatives of the great dinosaurs. Hello friends, and welcome to a new Happy Learning video. The size, ferocity and incredible bite strength of these apex predators make them a truly awesome animal. Created: Nov 19, 2011 | Updated: May 10, 2020. Even that of a great white shark! They are closely related to crocodiles. https://patreon.com/freeschool - Help support more content like this! Crocodiles release heat through their mouths rather than through sweat glands. x��[[s�6~����V���;��θ�������;;;�>Ply�*M%���s@B"(v��0pp�߹@/>��{����K}�����������+%��Q*n��ϔ��?%���Y.�Y)n?��E�?^�������۟��n`��yw-Ā���B�eU�2IDU2I����6�Aԯ?���L��t��%~�y��n#}K4���=�>���B���qu}+��O���M�T2����k_�J�N�J��s�{�LE%��#��"��T��.e^ytl���[�γc��x����2[��?߁"��۠A��}��������Qn(^�=���b�x����qy�/�WQ��="�le�9�r����"�I^{t`>�.i&��P� z��?��r���_h�x�4��s��$O�\�$��*C�zӴ�C���(e��&)'��2�1k��X͵��dn)^�T�'�6|�acD�,L�o4�iU������u���2[. About this resource. [online], Available from: http://crocodilian.com/cnhc/cbd-faq-q3.htm [accessed 01/06/2015]. endobj It is mainly found in the western and central Africa. Preview. The crocodile swimming speed is three times the speed of a fastest human swimmer. • They are vocal and have about 20 different sounds for communication. The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is a top predator that lives along the southern tip of peninsular Florida. Siamese Crocodile Facts: A crocodile tooth is quickly replaced and once crocodile can have 8000 teeth over its lifetime. The Siamese crocodile has the scientific name as Crocodylus siamensis. When the Australian crocodiles were finally made a protected species their numbers slowly recovered. When completely under the water, the ears are covered by small flaps of skin which can be closed to make the ears watertight. There are special bony flaps in the throat which allow a crocodile to eat when submerged or breathe when its jaws are open underwater. Loading... Save for later. The estuarine crocodile usually inhabits the lower reaches of rivers, while the upper reaches are inhabited by the freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus johnstoni). © 2020 Young People's Trust For the Environment. Some crocodile species can weigh over 1200 kg (2600 lb). Alligators differ from crocodiles in several ways. Hatchling The saltwater crocodile is the largest living reptilespecies . At first, the young feed on insects and then, as they grow (about 25cm a year), progress to crabs, birds and fish before tackling the adult diet. Geographically speaking, true crocodiles live in Africa, Asia and the Americas; alligators are found in China and the southern United States; caimans live in South America and the gharial in southern Asia. The American crocodile is considered at-risk in nearly all parts of its North, Central, and South American range. Estuarine crocodiles mostly occur in tidal rivers, coastal floodplains and channels, billabongs and swamps up to 150 km inland from the coast. Diet consists primarily of invertebrates, with a smaller representation of vertebrates. Saltwater crocodile likely make its habitats in mangrove swamps, brackish water, deltas, estuaries, and lagoons. Read more. It can grow up to six metres and is a serious threat to humans. Crocodiles have powerful jaws with many conical teeth and short legs with clawed webbed toes. Read the fact sheet and answer thje questions and activities that follow. Crocodiles were revered by the ancient Egyptians but nowadays they are generally regarded as ugly, fearsome and dangerous creatures. Largest crocodile species is Saltwater Crocodile which can reach 13-18 feet in length and weigh up to 2200 pounds. However, in 1987, the alligator was pronounced fully FAsciNATiNG FAcTs Crocodile ancestors lived before the age of the dinosaurs, 135 to 65 million years ago. One of the prehistoric crocodiles, Phobusuchus, was four times longer than the largest modern crocodile.