tests), does not explain the wide variety of human abilities. This can be done in multiple ways. According to Gardner, people have different kinds of intelligences, and the Multiple Intelligences framework is fairer than IQ tests, which only measure one type of aptitude. According to Howard Gardner, intelligence means "the ability to learn, to solve problems". Gardner argues that there are eight types of intelligence, far more than the standard I.Q. test can account for. Whether one agrees or disagrees, Howard Gardner’s theories of multiple intelligences continues to inspire conversation and debate. Many scientists argue that the results can be unreliable, or that someone's skill set does not necessarily reflect their intelligence. These multiple intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened or ignored and weakened. Howard Gardner, the Harvard professor who originally proposed the theory, says that there are multiple types of human intelligence, each representing different ways of processing information: His research from 1991 identified seven intelligences; in the intervening time, he has come to believe there are a total of nine intelligences: Multiple Intelligences Theory Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory was first published in Howard Gardner's book, Frames Of Mind (1983), and quickly became established as a classical model by which to understand and teach many aspects of human intelligence, learning style, personality and behaviour - in education and industry. Intelligence becomes subjective and individualized instead of categorized, which makes it more like how humans learn and think instead of creating a cookie-cutter definition. In conclusion, Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences looks to be a confused and nebulous set of claims that have not been empirically validated. Each person has developed other intelligences more strongly, leading to different kinds of cleverness. Finally, Ceci (1990, 1996) has described multiple cognitive potentials that allow for knowledge to be acquired and relationships between concepts and ideas to be considered. Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences offers an explanation to our deficits by allowing us an opportunity to recognize the fact that out peg is exactly the shape it is supposed to be. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence is indeed interesting, but in the scientific community, many of its themes have not been verified, or the science is still out. Howard Gardner's Eight Intelligences The theory of multiple intelligences challenges the idea of a single IQ, where human beings have one central "computer" where intelligence is housed. Howard Gardner, a graduate of Harvard University and a developmental psychologist, developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1986.Gardner believes that intelligence, the way it has traditionally been understood (logically, as with I.Q. theory of intelligence that identified analytic, creative, and practical intelligences. Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligence. The essence of Gardner's Multiple Intelligences (MI) is that each person has eight types of intelligence. Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences. Howard Gardner of Harvard University first came up with the theory of multiple intelligences in 1983.