Their ideas set out a theory of the human body relating to the four elements (earth, air, fire and water) and to four bodily humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile). Click here to see our collection of 500 Can you imagine being cut so that you bleed to treat a headache? Facts about Medicine in The Middle Ages 10 : Medical Universities in Medieval Europe. ... which saw the history of medicine as a vast sweep of steady progress from medieval times to the present. ... or that it was caused by 'foul air'. The Medieval Period, or Middle Ages, lasted from around 476 C.E. to 1453 C.E, starting around the fall of the Western Roman Empire. An illustrated information sheet about medicine in Europe during the Middle Ages. Learn about medicine in the Middle Ages. After this came the â¦ The Church was also in charge of education, most importantly for the history of medicine, they were in charge of the training of doctors at universities. Dissections of human bodies were carried out in these universities so anyone wanting to study medicine in the Middle Ages was not totally ignorant of facts about the human body. History: Medicine: Renaissance Period (1500-1700) 53 Terms rebecca_smith789 Edexcel GCSE History - Medicine in Britain c.1250-Present - Medieval Medicine c.1250-1500 46 Terms Need more history worksheets? There are two distinct periods in the history of Medieval medicine. This category is the legacy of historyâs greatest early physicians, upon which much of modern medicine is built. The history of middle age medicine is both interesting and disturbing. The University of Salerno was considered as the provenance of medical practitioners in the 9th and 10th century, then the profilation of this subject recognised in the University of Paris (1150), Bologna (1158), Oxford (1167), Montpeler (clarification needed) (1181) and Padua University (1222). Medicine in the middle ages was ineffective and barbaric. They would wear posies of herbs and sweet smelling flowers to try and clear the air. Demaitre, L 'Air, miasma and contagion - Epidemics in antiquity and the Middle Ages', Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 78/2 (2004), pp 466-468 âBiomedicine and Health: The Germ Theory of Disease.â Most medieval ideas about medicine were based on those of the ancient work, namely the work of Greek physicians Galen (129â216 CE) and Hippocrates (460â370 BCE). Religion, astrology and strange treatments were the basis of middle age medicine. The causes of illnesses were not understood during the era.